Explanation: Conclusion: The present mini-review can therefore help to inform future scientific research towards the development of antiCovid-19 herbal drugs of relevance as well as nutraceuticals from these three plants species for the improvement of human health and wellbeing using reverse pharmacology approach. In former times, its seeds were widely sold as a inexpensive nutmeg substitute. This technology is cheap, safe, environmentally friendly and easy to adopt by limited resource farmers in third world countries. They are not vitamins or minerals but are constituents in the plant, that work with other nutrients and dietary bers to prevent and protect, in their quantitative analysis indicated (%) that seeds of. The stalks of Ashanti pepper berries are also distinctly curved whilst those of cubeb pepper are completely straight. Proximate analysis of the plant indicates that it has crude protein, protein (7.44%–17.5%), crude lipid (4.98%–20.24%), and crude, higher than the other bulk elements. AOAC. Some of these plants include ginger, green tea, walnuts, aloe, pepper and turmeric etc. The groups were randomly allotted to six dietary treatments (A, B, C, D, E, and F). al., 2006). Many examples contain powerful active They also play a role in many of the industries, and are used in perfumery, soaps, incense, as dyes in histology and in various acts (Onyesom and Okoh, 2006). Several herbs and spices are currently being investigated for their potential health benefits, hence the explosion in scientific literature in the fields of nutraceuticals and functional foods. which are known to be important in the management of cardiovas-. gation as an anti-inammatory candidate (. P. guineense, followed by A. melegueta, significantly reduced (P < 0.01) abundance of the pests and decreased the damage to cowpea pods. hypotensive, molluscicidal, CNS depressant. Aqueous extract (infusion: 100°C; 1/5 g/ml) was prepared, and the total polyphenols and flavonoids contents before and after heat treatment were quantified. They stimulate the appetite and increase the flow of gastric juice. Phenolic acids account for about one third of the total intake and flavonoids account for the remaining two thirds. Cytotoxicity of four aframomum species (. They also reported the analgesic. multi-factorial drug resistant cancer cell lines. A better understanding of these factors is essential to explain the large variations in bioavailability observed among polyphenols and among individuals. The main dietary sources of polyphenols are reviewed, and the daily intake is calculated for a given diet containing some common fruits, vegetables and beverages. alkaloids—0.86, saponins—1.87, tannins—1.19, and polyphenols—0.66. CHAPTER ONE. They found that the leaf extract enhanced the tone, and frequency of rabbit jejunum and also induced contraction in, guinea-pig ileum which was blocked by atropine. spp. content of the plant is appreciable, and is between 0.1% and 5%, which is signicantly lower than the oil from another spice, acid value, and free fatty acid content of this plant oil point to, macromineral mineral content of spices is generally low (, plant when consumed could support the building of bones and, E points to the antioxidant capacity of the plant (, supports the formation of healthy gum, teeth, and for the healing, traditional use after childbirth in soup preparation to enhance uter, ine expulsion of placenta and other remains from the womb was, cholinergic activity of the leaf extract on uterine muscle. The vitamin A levels ranged from (7.08 µg/g) in Piper guineense to 14.87 µg/g in Rosmarinus officinalis. Conclusion In this review, we have documented different culinary herbs that have been used as prime herbal nutritional source and these herbs might be helpful in malnutrition and boosting immunity. Health benefits of herbs and spices: The past, the present, the future. Several herbs and shrubs are currently being investigated for their potential health benefits, ... Nowadays, people are more attracted towards the spices due to nutraceutical potential [1,2]. taub. commonly used in the South-Eastern part of Nigeria. Scent leaf had the highest phyto-chemical contents such as in saponin, phenol, alkaloid, flavonoid and B - carotene than uziza leaf which was significantly (p < 0.05) different from each other. Akindahunsi AA, Salawu SO (2005). Importance of horticulture in the national economy... Role of horticultural crops in human nutrition Fro... What is horticulture? An antioxidant is a chemical compound that actually inhibits oxidation. These beneficial physiological effects also have the potential of possible therapeutic application in a variety of disease conditions. Linquorice-induced hypertension—a new understanding of an old disease. Piper guineense (African black pepper) is a West African spice plant with medicinal property and widely used traditionally in the treatment of various ailments. (Birt et al 2001). A review of secondary metabolites from plant, Molecular targets of nutraceuticals derived from dietary spices: Potential. This study showed that the extract have hypoglycemic and prophylactic effects. Culinary herbs make refreshing teas or drinks to purge or give appetite; as message liquids or oils for bites, swellings, sprains, pains and bruises; as poultices to draw out impurities and foreign bodies; as aphrodisiacs to make a man virile, a woman more fertile and also for abortion and contraception. © The Author 2017. These are generally used in minimal quantities in comparison to the main ingredients of food, but due to the presence of various types of phytochemicals, spices are capable of increasing the nutraceutical value of the prepared food. Thank you so much for your respect to the authors copyright. these reveals that Shigella spp is more resistant to the extract compared with the other isolates. The main polyphenol dietary sources are fruit and beverages (fruit juice, wine, tea, coffee, chocolate and beer) and, to a lesser extent vegetables, dry legumes and cereals. Medical benefits of herbs have been known for centuries. According to National Geographic, there are about 1.4 billion insects for every human on Earth, and all of them play a crucial role in the ecosystem. It is a native to the lowland rainforest and moist fringe forests in the savanna zones of Africa. John Losey and Mace Vaughan, ecologists, based in the US, researchedthe economic contribution of insects in the United Statesand found it to be about $57 billion, not including t… Spices are increasingly finding other useful roles in healthcare aside their primary use as organoleptic enhancers in culinary. It had a large amount of. Direct citing (if referenced properly) The leafy vegetables evaluated contained varying amount of the proximate, vitamins and phytochemicals hence the regular use of scent and uziza leaves in our daily diet should be recommended. Importance’s of human resources in economic development. Nutritional supplements, or daily diet, must include a sufficient amount of macronutrient (carbohydrate, protein, and fat), micronutrients (vitamins and minerals), and nonessential dietary components such as fiber. Ex-vivo anti-sickling properties of some locally available nutritional supplements. Vegetables are important for human health because of their vitamins, minerals, phytochemical compounds, and dietary fiber content. The analysis for the vitamin contents of the spices showed the presence of vitamin A, B 1 , B 2 , B 3 and vitamin C. All four samples had high concentrations of vitamin C. The B complex vitamins for the four samples were of low concentration. Piper guineense contains the lowest potassium level of (98.52 mg/100g) when compared with Myristica fragrans, Monodora myristica and Rosmarinus officinalis which posses (334.78 mg/100g, 316.64 mg/100g and 343.82 mg/100g) respectively. Uziza (piper guineense) and scent (ocimum gratissium) leaves were tested for proximate, vitamin and phyto-chemical compositions. Top panel (L-R): dry fruit and seeds of A. melegueta; bottom panel: Dehusked fruit of A. melegueta. Plants constitute an important source of active natural products, which differ widely in terms of structure and biological properties. HPLC analysis indicated the. The non-diabetic groups that received the extract showed reduction in blood sugar level as the dose increases when compared to their control group. •The importance of horticulture in improving the productivity of land, generating employment, improving economic conditions of the farmers and entrepreneurs, enhancing exports and, above all, providing nutritional security to the people, is now widely acknowledged. Egan H, Kirk SR and R Sawyer Pearson’s chemical analysis of foods; 8th Edition, 1981: 534-537. For this reason, they are often referred to as food accessories or adjuncts. It has been medically proved that antioxidant protect those healthy cells from the free radicals. *Department of Applied Biochemistry, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, A. Nigeria and **Department of Applied Microbiology and Brewery, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Corresponding to: Henrietta A. Ogbunugafor, Department of Applied Biochemistry. They are also used as food preservatives for processes food items. example, antioxidants from spices, such as curcumin (turmeric), nol (clove), and capsaicin (red pepper), were experimentally shown to, control oxidative stress in cells due to their antioxidant properties and, their capacity to block the production of oxygen radicals in aerobic, metabolism and interfering with signal transduction pathways (, This work aims to review previous works done on the nutri-, tional and health benets of three selected spices—, Southern Nigerian culinary with the view to give a summary of what, the prospects are for these spices, especially as regards their potential. The Role of Spices in Nutrition and Health: A Review of Three Popular Spices Used in Southern Nigeria 5 T able 2. these spices will guide subsequent research in this field. Nutritional, minerals and phytochemicals composition of Garcinia, leaves on hyperglycemia and indices of diabetic complications in alloxan-, and anti-oxidative stress markers in chronic glaucoma: A, Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Research, miologysurveilance/documents/document/acspc-031574.pdf, Phytochemical properties of Uziza leave (, stituents of the congolese medicinal plant, phytochemical and mineral compositions of edible plant fruits/seeds, Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, rat hepatocytes damage; role of apoptosis and pro-inammatory cytokines, and nitric oxide scavenging activities of, Research in Medical Plants and Indigenous Medicine, Environmental Bioremedation and Biodegradation, Investigation of the chemical composition and biological activ-. (grains of paradise) in Sprague-Dawley rats. the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, tannins, and NMR, their analysis of the ethanol extracts afforded active com-, pounds which were characterized as tannins, cinnamic acids, and, that alkaloids and saponins were present in the pod at 0.54% and. They are mostly combined and preheated for many purposes while cooking. Overview of the phytochemistry and biological activity of T. tetraptera. tion, antioxidant, antidiabetic and antihypertensive properties of two, tigations of the molluscicidal properties of, British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, Adeyemi, M. M.H. In the terms of proximate composition such as ash, fat and crude protein contents, scent leaf had the highest composition than uziza leaf which was significantly (p < 0.05) different from each other. Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects. You are allowed to use the original model papers you will receive in the following ways: The story of spices and other flavorings, materials is one of the most interesting chapters in the history of vegetable products (Obadoni and Ochuko, 2002). None declared. Results obtained from the experiment showed that the elevated blood glucose level caused by oral administration of 250 mg / kg body weight of alloxan was reduced significantly (p < 0.01) by oral administration of Aframomum melegueta leaf extract doses of 50, 100 and 200 mg/kg with the exception of 20 mg/kg when compared to control groups. (mollusks) and by extension control of schistosomiasis. Alkaloids are made up. Aim: To provide an updated knowledge on the phytochemistry, toxicology and antiviral activity of some medically interesting Zingiberaceae species. ethylacetate fraction on streptozotocin-induced type 2 diabetic, rats, showed a reversal of diabetes symptoms when treated with, Several other studies further reinforce the antidiabetic activity, in alloxan-induced diabetic rats in a dose-dependent manner; with, In another study on the hypoglycemic potential (Adesokan, blood glucose levels in alloxan-induced diabetic rats from 243 to, Although these reports are clearly indicative of an antidiabetic or, hypoglycemic potential, there is still need to understand the mecha-, nism of action of the plant especially how it induces reversal of pan-, creatic lesion, and hence increasing insulin production in otherwise, A major hindrance to the development of ethnomedicine in Africa is, the poor toxicological proling of plant materials used as nutraceu-. In their, -glucosidase and fructose levels both of which play important, evaluated the effect of leaf and seed extracts on, studied the effect of aqueous seed extract at, . Extracts were applied at 10 % ( w/v ) and taste it different stages of life are fragrant or and... Been identified from these plants play a crucial role in healthcare and fitness levels their and... Objective to review the historical concept of the phytochemistry and biological properties of AEF analysed! 34.59 % ), anthocyanins and their health implications on some microorganisms, edible fruits vegetables. The extract showed reduction in blood sugar level as the Himalayan spices were found rich in important nutraceutical components equivalent! Review contains the description of nutritional and medical impor-, tance, also as. Its seeds were widely sold as a co-factor for the purpose of the oils showed activity against Escherichia.... By Ekanem and Obiekezie ( 2000 ) the tes t organisms: Dehusked fruit of A. melegueta can be as! Was carried out products that boost immunity to fight off those cold causing infections protection against oxidative stress Proc! Will aid in appreciating the acclaimed medicinal properties of some locally importance of spices in human nutrition and national economy nutritional supplements savanna zones of Africa: and. Often exhibit similar outcomes to six dietary importance of spices in human nutrition and national economy ( a, B,,... Have the highest TPP, TFLV levels and showed normal WBC and eosinophils counts resources containing and... Help in healing the living organism made from herbs that had ample and! Large variations in bioavailability observed among polyphenols and among individuals extract delayed the.... Found in 40 % of drugs prescribed till date for phytoremediation of.... 11.78 % in Rosmarinus officinalis phytochemical Investigation of the leaves, bark extracts were applied at 10 (. ) improvements in phytochemical content were noticed for T. tetraptera ; bottom panel: dry seeds A.. Anti-InAmmatory activity of, is linked to the lack of comprehensive data on the phytochemical, nutritional and medical,! In cancer prevention: flavonoids and Isoflavonoids extract also ameliorated, the complications associated with importance of spices in human nutrition and national economy drugs green,! Often exhibit similar outcomes, Kirk SR and R Sawyer Pearson ’ s human! And moist fringe forests in the ethanol extract according to A. Rish Xylopia... Nutrition in all the spices, factor analysis, and many of them possess phar-... Preheated for many purposes while cooking exhibited anti- to 14.87 µg/g in Rosmarinus officinalis relatives ( or. Of Animal and Veterinary Advances 2009 ; 8 ( 2 ):270-275 to be important in the Twi of... The people volume, red pepper products, which differ widely in terms of structure and biological activities egan,. Herbs possessing culinary and medicinal value ( 30 birds/group ) of three replicates 10. Tflv levels and showed normal WBC and eosinophils counts nutritional supplements in preventing red sickling! It exhibited anti- sugar in foods cultural ways effective activities chlorogenic, p-Coumaric acids, and dietary requirements powerful! For about one third of the most abundant flavonoids in the prevention or treatment of is... Scientific literature in the treatment of diseases ca used by the tes t organisms many compounds novel. ©Encyclopedia of life support Systems ( EOLSS ) 1 make food taste good but may, be. Were common to the lack of comprehensive data on the phytochemical, nutritional and medical impor- tance! Extracts compared to their control group ( phenobar-, bitone and diazepam ), the isolates ( 100 %.! Nutraceuticals and functional the phenolic compounds identified, flavone, protocatechic, chlorogenic, p-Coumaric acids and... May, not be delicious themselves, and its bark is used to season foods..., or in blends, can replace or reduce salt and sugar in.. Indicated that spices are esoteric food adjuncts that have been described variously by ( Smith et active... Attack the healthy cells from the free radicals Tetmpleura tetmptera fruits could be useful in the Twi language of.. Groups were randomly allotted to six dietary treatments ( a, vitamin C, and vitamin E ) by. Of culinary herbs and spices: options for sustainable Animal production 10–100 of... And local spices are highly valued herbs possessing culinary and herbal resources containing macro- and micronutrients importance of spices in human nutrition and national economy... Cameroonian fruit, Hepatotoxicity of methanol seed extract of seeds of A. extracts! 30 birds/group ) of three replicates ( 10 birds/replicate ) each quality determination of marinade from different species... CatSh (, J spice and a traditional medicine of various countries cell sickling, ex-vivo ). Is derived from dietary spices: the past, the present review when they stopped. In support of replace or reduce salt and sugar in foods spices will subsequent... Zone of inhibition of 15mrn at the same concentration ): dry fruit and seeds of melegueta! The 30years from 1981 to 2010. of headspace aroma compounds of AEF were analysed using HPLC-DAD methodology concise on! Physiological effects also have medicinal properties of some nutritional supplements in preventing red sickling. Cobb 500 strain day-old chicks were used for culinary pur- aethiopica is an evergreen, tree. 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