The ceremonial county comprises the unitary authority areas of Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole and Dorset. [32] A series of trials known as the Bloody Assizes took place to punish the rebels. [167] One of Dorset's most noted cultural institutions is the Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra which was founded in 1893. Three-quarters of its coastline is part of the Jurassic Coast Natural World Heritage Site due to its geological and palaeontologic significance. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. [86][87], Dorset's diverse geography ensures it has an assortment of rivers, although a moderate annual rainfall coupled with rolling hills, means most are typically lowland in nature. [2] The Saxons named the town Dornwaraceaster (the suffix -ceaster being the Old English name for a "Roman town"; cf. [271] Previously named Bournemouth Polytechnic, it was granted university status as a result of the Further and Higher Education Act 1992. [95][96] Jutting out into the English Channel at roughly the midpoint of the Dorset coastline is the Isle of Portland, a limestone island that is connected to the mainland by Chesil Beach, a 27-kilometre (17 mi) long shingle barrier beach protecting Britain's largest tidal lagoon.[97][98]. You can find your own Jurassic Park on beaches sprinkled with fossils and smuggler's caves or trace Thomas Hardy novels on open heaths and vales. [263] Bournemouth operates a two-tier system; Poole operates two and three-tier systems. Much of the area falls into the stunning area of the River Stour Valley, which is called the Blackmoor Vale. [79] In the west this results in a hilly landscape of diverse character that resembles that of neighbouring county Devon. Because of its setting, North Dorset is ideal for active holidays walking or cycling the many purpose-built trails in the area. There are plenty of different Christmas markets and events across the county and we have listed a few of our favourites below. The harbour is very shallow in places and contains a number of islands, notably Brownsea Island, the birthplace of the Scouting movement and one of the few remaining sanctuaries for indigenous red squirrels in England. [253] St Candida and Holy Cross at Whitchurch Canonicorum is the only church in the country, besides Westminster Abbey, to have a shrine that contains the relics of a saint. [176][177] Grade I listed buildings include: Portland Castle, a coastal fort commissioned by Henry VIII;[178] a castle with more than a 1,000 years of history at Corfe;[179] a Roman ruin described by English Heritage as the "only Roman town house visible in Britain";[180] Athelhampton, a Tudor manor house;[181] Forde Abbey, a stately home and former Cistercian monastery;[182] Christchurch Priory, the longest church in England;[183] and St Edwold's church, one of the smallest. Agriculture was traditionally the major industry of Dorset but is now in decline and tourism has become increasingly important to the economy. | Registered office Travel Chapter House Gammaton Road Bideford EX39 4DF Company No. The A338 heads north from Bournemouth to Ringwood (Hampshire) and on to Salisbury (Wiltshire) and beyond. [163][164][165] The sector is the county's fourth largest employer, but a predicted decline suggests there will be 10,200 fewer jobs in manufacturing by 2026. 8,514 reviews. It consists of 35 coloured maps depicting the counties of England … This is a very nice beach a place ideal for all ages step into the … In 2008 a Hindu temple was constructed in Blandford Forum for the Gurkhas based at the town's military camp. Ordnance Survey Maps - Six-inch England and Wales, 1842 - 1952 Dorset. [158] Some 3.2 million British and 326,000 foreign tourists visited the county in 2008, staying a total of 15.1 million nights. C.^ Excluding Poole and Bournemouth, In 2003 the gross value added (GVA) for the non-metropolitan county was £4,673 million, with an additional £4,705 million for Poole and Bournemouth. It is bordered by the English Channel (south) and the counties of Devon (west), Hampshire (east), and Somerset and Wiltshire (both north). Dorset experienced an increase in holiday-makers after the war. [73][74] The Blackmore Vale is composed of older Jurassic deposits, largely clays interspersed with limestones,[70] and has traditionally been a centre for dairy agriculture. [255] The Reformation and the political and religious turmoil that ensued largely checked the building of new churches until the turn of the 18th century. Dorset has ports at Poole, Weymouth and Portland, and an international airport near Bournemouth. [101][102] The South West Coast Path, National Trail, begins at South Haven Point at the entrance to Poole Harbour. In 1844, Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole Council, reorganisation of local government in 1974, List of settlements in Dorset by population, South West Hampshire/South East Dorset Green Belt, Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole (BCP) Council, List of Parliamentary constituencies in Dorset, Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy, List of schools in Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole, "Somme memorial to Dorset World War I soldiers", "Thankful villages: The places where everyone came back from the wars", "Bournemouth Bids for Queen's Jubilee City Status", "Poundbury: can Prince Charles change the way we build? The map may have originally been drawn in connection with the 1539-40 invasion scare caused by the alliance against England of France and Spain. [121] For the BCP council, voters choose 76 councillors from 33 wards, with ten wards returning three candidates apiece and 23 wards, two. [261] The Church of St Nicholas and St Magnus in Moreton is noted for its elaborate engraved glass windows designed by Laurence Whistler. [153] Dorset's three ports, Poole, Weymouth and Portland, and the smaller harbours of Christchurch, Swanage, Lyme Regis, Wareham and West Bay generate a substantial amount of international trade and tourism. The remainder is less straightforward and includes Portland and Purbeck stone, other limestones, calcareous clays and shales. [154] Around 230 fishing vessels that predominantly catch crab and lobster are based in Dorset's ports. Many are boarding schools which also take day pupils, such as the co-educational Canford School which is built around a 19th-century Grade I listed manor house; and Sherborne School, a boys' school founded in the 16th century. It shares estate borders taking into consideration Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. Other main roads in the county include the A338, A354, A37 and A350. This is not just a map. [212] The 19th-century poet William Barnes was born in Bagber and wrote many poems in his native Dorset dialect. [148], In 2009 there were 2,340 armed forces personnel stationed in Dorset including the Royal Armoured Corps at Bovington, Royal Signals at Blandford and the Royal Marines at Poole. Dorchester (/ ˈ d ɔːr tʃ ɛ s t ər / DOR-ches-tər) is the county town of Dorset, England.It is situated between Poole and Bridport on the A35 trunk route. [188] Inside Out Dorset is an outdoor arts festival that takes place every two years in rural and urban locations across Dorset. [210][211] Children’s author Enid Blyton drew inspiration for many of her works from Dorset. It consists of the seaside resort of Bournemouth, the historic port and borough of Poole, the towns of Christchurch and Ferndown plus many surrounding villages. The Dorset map above will help you to picture your perfect holiday in Dorset. [256][257] Notable examples of Early Georgian churches include the Bastard brothers' Church of St. Peter and St. Paul in Blandford Forum, and St George's Church on the Isle of Portland, which has a steeple and tower inspired by the works of Christopher Wren. [137][138][133] The Mid Dorset and North Poole constituency has been represented by the Conservative MP, Michael Tomlinson since 2015. Find out where some of classic and underground films were made on your holiday to Dorset. 2013 figures are mid year estimates produced by the ONS. [231] Morebus and Damory share a county wide network with frequent services linking major towns, including Bournemouth, Poole and Wimborne, and a varied service in further rural locations. The ceremonial county of Dorset, in the South West region of England is made up of the non-metropolitan county of Dorset together with the unitary authorities of Bournemouth and Poole. [52][53] Bournemouth, the most populous town in the conurbation, was established in the Georgian era when sea bathing became popular. [42][43] In total some 4,500 Dorset servicemen died in the war and of the county's towns and villages, only one, Langton Herring, known as a Thankful Village, had no residents killed. [110][111], More than 33% of the county's population possess a level 4 qualification or above, such as a Higher National Diploma, Degree or a Higher Degree; while nearly 6.3% have no qualifications at all. [144], The principal industry in Dorset was once agriculture. [61] The suburb, which is expected to be fully completed by 2025, was designed to integrate residential and retail buildings and counter the growth of dormitory towns and car-oriented development. Discover 9 hidden attractions, cool sights, and unusual things to do in Dorset, England from Holloways of Dorset to The Scout Stone. [187] The Dorset County Show, which was first held in 1841, is a celebration of Dorset's agriculture. This is a list of settlements and other places in Dorset, England.Settlements with populations over 3,000 are listed in bold, as are all settlements classified as towns (example: Blandford Forum).Other settlements in plain text (example: Abbotsbury). [224], Two passenger sea ports and an international airport are situated in the county. [86] The field, operated by Perenco from Wytch Farm, has the world's oldest continuously pumping well at Kimmeridge which has been producing oil since the early 1960s. [23] However, Dorset was devastated by the bubonic plague in 1348 which arrived in Melcombe Regis on a ship from Gascony. [144] The primary sector produced 2.03% of GVA, the secondary sector produced 22.44% and 75.53% came from the tertiary sector. In the south-west, a number of small rivers run into the sea along the Dorset coastline; most notable of these are the Char, Brit, Bride and Wey. [94] The Dorset section has yielded important fossils, including Jurassic trees and the first complete Ichthyosaur, discovered near Lyme Regis in 1811 by Mary Anning. [2][3] It is first mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in AD 845 and in the 10th century the county's archaic name, Dorseteschyre (Dorsetshire), was first recorded. Some other significant towns that are located in South Dorset include the popular seaside town of Weymouth, as well as Bere Regis, Corfe Castle, Swanage, Wareham, and Worth Matravers. The first recorded Viking raid on the British Isles occurred in Dorset during the eighth century, and the Black Death entered England at Melcombe Regis in 1348. The flat physical map represents one of several map types available. [248] Sherborne Abbey, one of the county's largest, is noted for its broad fan vaulting added during an extensive 15th century rebuild. Bournemouth, which plays in the EFL Championship— the second highest division in the English football league system. Some 2,000 of these rebels offered battle to Lord Fairfax's Parliamentary army at Hambledon Hill but they were easily routed. An historic market town, Dorchester is on the banks of the River Frome to the south of the Dorset Downs and north of the South Dorset Ridgeway that separates the area from Weymouth, 7 miles (11 km) to the south. [83][84] B.^ Includes industries that are also part of the services industry [147] Excluding fowl, sheep are the most common animal stock in the county; between 1989 and 2006 their numbers fell from 252,189 to 193,500. [202][203] The National Trust owns Thomas Hardy's Cottage, in Higher Bockhampton, east of Dorchester; and Max Gate, his former house in Dorchester. [5][6] The first permanent Neolithic settlers appeared around 3000 BC and were responsible for the creation of the Dorset Cursus, a 10.5-kilometre (6.5 mi) monument for ritual or ceremonial purposes. It features notable landforms such as Lulworth Cove, the Isle of Portland, Chesil Beach and Durdle Door. While there were a number of filming locations over the three seasons Broadchurch aired, the majority of the scenes people think of in connection with Broadchurch were filmed in Dorset. Bournemouth Beach. [149] The military presence has had a mixed effect on the local economy, bringing additional employment for civilians, but on occasion having a negative impact on the tourist trade, particularly when popular areas are closed for military manoeuvres. [88] Much of the county drains into three rivers, the Frome, Piddle and Stour which all flow to the sea in a south-easterly direction. [67][68] Almost every type of rock known from the Early Jurassic to the Eocene epochs can be found in the county. [17] In 789 the first recorded Viking attack on the British Isles took place in Dorset on the Portland coast, and they continued to raid into the county for the next two centuries. [54] Poole, the second largest settlement (once the largest town in the county), adjoins Bournemouth to the west and contains the suburb of Sandbanks which has some of the highest land values by area in the world. Maphill is more than just a map gallery. [36] However, the industrial revolution largely bypassed Dorset which lacked coal resources and as a consequence the county remained predominantly agricultural. Where is Dorset England On the Map Geography Of Dorset Wikipedia England is a country that is part of the associated Kingdom. Dorset County was our first stop on our English road trip through the West Country, and though it would be nearly impossible to pick a favorite from the three counties we visited (Cornwall and Somerset came later on in the week), I’d have to say that I couldn’t have imagined a better way to begin our England vacation. [238][239] The Roman Catholic Diocese of Plymouth incorporates most of Dorset with the exception of Christchurch and a portion of Bournemouth which belongs to the Diocese of Portsmouth. [15] However, by the end of the 7th century Dorset had fallen under Saxon control and been incorporated into the Kingdom of Wessex. Dorset has seen much civil unrest: in the English Civil War, an uprising of vigilantes was crushed by Oliver Cromwell's forces in a pitched battle near Shaftesbury; the doomed Monmouth Rebellion began at Lyme Regis; and a group of farm labourers from Tolpuddle were instrumental in the formation of the trade union movement. 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